January – Garnet
Garnet is the traditional birthstone for the month of January. This name was given to the garnet because of its close resemblance to the succulent pomegranate seed. Its rich, burgundy red color and inner fire have helped make it a favorite stone. High-quality garnets have vivid, saturated color and good translucency.A gift of garnet is thought to be symbolic of love and the desire for a loved one's safe travel and speedy homecoming.
February – Amethyst
Purple amethyst is the birthstone for the month of February. These intense violet gemstones have long been part of crown jewels appealing to early monarchs and remain very popular today because of their beauty and availability. It is also a symbol of spirituality and piety. Amethyst is a variety of quartz, and high-quality specimens will have saturated color and pure purple hues. The gift of Amethyst is symbolic of protection and the power to overcome difficulty. It is said to strengthen the bond in a love relationship, so it is an ideal anniversary or engagement gem.
March – Aquamarine
The birthstone for the month of March is aquamarine. Derived from the Roman word "Aqua," meaning water, and "mare," meaning sea, this pale blue gem resembles the color of seawater. These light to very light blue gemstones are a variety of beryl, like emerald. A high-quality aquamarine will have clear, bright colors and lighter tones. The majority of Aquamarines, unlike other gemstones, are flawless. A gift of Aquamarine symbolizes both safety and security, especially within long standing relationships.
April – Diamond
Diamond is the traditional birthstone of April. Treasured for their fire and brilliance, diamonds have been used to embellish such items as crowns, swords and emblems as well as jewelry. They are stunning in its unique ability to reflect and refract light into vivid flashes of brilliant color. Diamonds are crystallized carbon formed deep within the earth where there is intense heat and pressure.
May – Emerald
Rich green emerald is May's birthstone. Within it’s depths are often tiny fractures or inclusions, which the French call "jardin," or garden, because of their resemblance to foliage. Egyptians engraved Emeralds as the symbol for foliage to represent eternal youth, and would bury these jewels with the dead. The ancient Romans associated this gemstone with fertility and rebirth, and dedicated it to Venus, the goddess of love and beauty. The Emerald is a member of the beryl family. The green crystals grow slowly within metamorphic rocks making them rare and costly. Finest-quality emeralds have vivid, saturated color. Some people believe that wearing an Emerald brings wisdom, growth, and patience.
June – Pearl
The traditional June birthstone is pearl. Pearls are a gem of unsurpassed beauty and elegance formed from mollusks. Only about one in 20 pearl growing mollusks will produce gem quality pearls. These gems have adorned crowns, clothing, and temples, and were said to be a favorite of Cleopatra. The unique iridescent luster of pearls have helped make pearls a jewelry essential for generations of women around the world. They continue to be viewed as a mark of refinement as well as a symbol of purity, and they are often given to celebrate a marriage or the birth of a child.
July – Ruby
Ruby is the traditional birthstone for July. Ruby's rich color speaks of love and passion. It's a variety of corundum, like sapphire, and shares sapphire's natural vibrancy. While flawless examples are extremely rare, the best examples have good translucency and color depth. It has been said that the Ruby's red glow comes from an internal flame that cannot be extinguished.
August – Peridot
Bright, green peridot is the birthstone for the month of August. This gem is formed as a result of volcanic activity. Peridot has been treasured from Egypt to Hawaii for thousands of years. August's birthstone has been used as a means to connect with nature throughout history. The finest peridot has bright yellowish-green hues and good translucency. A gift of this gemstone is symbolic of vitality.
September – Sapphire
Sapphire, the September birthstone, is most well-known for its royal blue hues and dramatic highlights. Sapphires have long been a favorite among priests and kings, who considered them symbolic of wisdom and purity. A variety of corundum, sapphires are in the same gemstone family as ruby. High-quality examples of sapphire have good translucency and vibrant color. A gift of Sapphire represents sincerity and faithfulness.
October – Opal
Opal is the birthstone for October and its fiery incandescence produces an endless variety of color flashes. Ancient monarchs treasured Opals, both for their beauty and for their presumed protective powers. Opals are usually cut into rounded cabochons to enhance their exceptional play of color. A gift of Opal is symbolic of confidence.
November – Citrine
Golden yellow-orange citrine is the traditional November birthstone. The name Citrine comes from an old French word, "citrin", meaning lemon. One of the more rare forms of quartz, this gemstone ranges in color from the palest yellow to a dark amber named Madeira because of its resemblance to the red wine. A gift of Citrine is symbolic for hope and strength.
December – Blue Topaz
Radiant blue topaz is the traditional birthstone for the month of December. Blue Topaz is derived from the Sanskrit word "tapas," meaning fire. Blue Topaz was considered by ancient civilizations to have cooling properties.